Dunnet

   DUNNET, a sea-port and parish, in the county of Caithness, 9 miles (E. N. E.) from Thurso; containing 1880 inhabitants. This parish, of which the origin of the name is involved in obscurity, is one of the most northerly in Scotland, and is about ten miles in length, and varies in breadth from two to four miles. It is bounded on the south by the parish of Bower, on the south-west by that of Olrig, on the east by Cannisbay, and on the north and north-west by the Pentland Frith, into which projects the extensive promontory of Dunnet Head. This head consists of numerous hills and valleys, covered with fine pasture for cattle and sheep, and throughout its whole extent of coast, which is about nine miles, presents a front of broken rocks to the sea from 100 to 400 feet high; an isthmus of low land, about two miles broad, connects it with the rest of the parish, but it is entirely uninhabited. A large number of sea-fowl, especially the layer or puffin, visit it during the season of incubation. The shore to the east of Dunnet Head is low and rocky, and the current of the Frith during spring tides is so exceedingly strong that no vessel can stem it, from which circumstance, and the velocity of contiguous currents in opposite directions, the navigation here is dangerous to strangers. The bay of Dunnet, though it runs far into the land, affords no shelter for any vessel on the north side, it being exposed to the west; but along the Frith are several good havens for small craft, and of these, Brough, and Ham or Holm havens are considered capable of great improvement. In the interior, the parish is of level surface, there being scarcely an eminence deserving the name of a hill. The larger portion consists of moss and moor, and the soil in the cultivated parts is in general of a light nature, with little clay or loam; in some places it is sandy, and in others a light black earth and rich clay. Adjoining the shore east of Dunnet bay, is a barren tract nearly two miles in breadth, which is said to have been formerly arable ground. The rock formation at Dunnet Head is freestone, and throughout the rest of the parish it is grey slate: at Inkstack are some quarries of flagstone, supplying materials for pavements, of which considerable quantities are shipped for the south. The rateable annual value of Dunnet is £4268.
   The parish contains the three villages of Dunnet, Brough, and Scarfskerry, of which a part of the population is engaged in salmon-fishing, carried on, particularly in Dunnet bay, for the last ten or twelve years with great success; there is also a lobster-fishery, for the supply of the London market; and cod, haddock, flounders, halibut, and skate are also obtained. There are four fairs, of which the principal is Marymas, held on the Tuesday after August 15th (O. S.); it continues two days, and is almost exclusively a cattle and horse fair: the others are held on the first and third Tuesdays in October, and first Tuesday in April (O. S.) for cattle. Cattle are also conveyed by steamers to the Leith and Edinburgh markets; grain is generally shipped to the same quarter, and meal is sent to the weekly markets of Wick and Thurso. The ecclesiastical affairs of the parish are under the presbytery of Caithness and synod of Sutherland and Caithness; patron, Sir James Colquhoun, Bart. The stipend of the minister is £191, with a manse, and a glebe of the annual value of £12. The church, which is very ancient, is a plain oblong building, with a tower at the west end; in 1836-7 it underwent a thorough repair, having been re-roofed, and enlarged by a capacious aisle, and it is now a commodious and comfortable place of worship. In the parochial school are taught the ordinary branches of education; the master has the maximum salary, with about £10 from fees, and a house and garden. Another school is supported by the General Assembly, and a third partly by Mr. Traill, on whose property it is built, and partly by fees; there are also two female schools, aided by the respective heritors and the Kirk Session. In 1764, William Sinclair, Esq., of Freswick, bequeathed an annuity of £5. 11. for the poor of the parish; and the late Messrs. Oswald, of Glasgow, left £600, now vested in land, for the same purpose. A lighthouse has been built on Dunnet Head, and was first lighted on the 1st October, 1831; it stands on a precipice, about 300 feet above the level of the sea, and from the ground is sixty-one feet in height. It has already proved of great service in preventing shipwreck and guiding vessels through the Frith.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dunnet — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dunnet (en gaélico escocés, Dùnaid) es una localidad de Caithness, en la región de las Tierras Altas de Escocia (Reino Unido). Está dentro de la parroquia de Dunnet. Museo y …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dunnet — (spr. Dönnet), 1) Bucht an der Nordküste der schottischen Grafschaft Caithneß; 2) (D. Head), steiles Vorgebirg daselbst mit Leuchtthurm …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Dunnet — For the Emacs based text adventure computer game, see Dunnet (game). Not to be confused with Dunnett. Coordinates: 58°37′N 3°20′W / 58.62°N 3.34°W …   Wikipedia

  • Dunnet — This interesting surname is a locational name from the Gaelic dun meaning fort . It can also be a nickname given to a person with dark hair deriving from the middle English, old English pre 7th Century dunn meaning dark coloured plus the… …   Surnames reference

  • Dunnet Head — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Punto más septentrional de Gran Bretaña continental. Dunnet Head (en gaélico escocés Ceann Dùnaid) es una península que incluye la punta más septentrional del territorio principal de Gran Bretaña. La punta queda en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dunnet (game) — Dunnet is a text adventure written by Ron Schnell in 1983. The game enjoys certain popularity because since 1992 it is part of the default packages in many of the Emacs versions. The word Dunnet is derived from the first three letters of dungeon… …   Wikipedia

  • Dunnet Head — Gewässer 1 Pentland Firth Gewässer 2 Thurso Bucht Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dunnet Head — Stèle devant le phare à Easter Point avec les Orcades au dernier plan. Localisation Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dunnet Forest — in Dunnet, Caithness, Scotland, is the most northerly community woodland on the UK mainland, and has been managed since 2003 by Dunnet Forestry Trust. The forest was planted by the Forestry Commission in the mid 1950s, and later transferred to… …   Wikipedia

  • Dunnet Church — Dunnet Parish Church is a Church of Scotland church in Dunnet, Caithness, northern Scotland. References to St Mary’s Parish Church are known from as far back as the 13th century, and there are pre 16th century gravestones in the churchyard. It… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.